议论文常用的类型 (1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型) There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this issue/topic/problem. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或 二 ______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. (2)利弊型的议论文 Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet Nowadays, /currently/ presently/ At present, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that?)___作文题目
______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __ 题目
议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___ 优点
二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, “every coin has two sides”, __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. To sum up, the advantages, in my view, outweigh the disadvantages. But we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作 文题 目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find
a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.
( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well known to us that the proverb: “ ___谚语_______” has a profound significance and not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. 图表作文的框架 Content ----Trend---- details ( figures)----conclusion As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart/column), ___the average time?__ has been on the rise/ decrease (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from__2 hours____ in ___1990____ to __20 hours____ in _2000____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that _students are more and more absorbed into computer
use._______. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one
hand, ________. Let’s have an example to illustrate the great increase (decrease) in _______. On the
other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. (In addition, ________ is responsible for _______.) Maybe there are some
other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded. 模板一:直陈观点，以例佐证 观点:More haste, less speed. Before moving to the next step, one needs
a practical consideration on what he has already achieved. (欲速则不达) From my point of view, we should do everything step by step. One often
fails without good preparation. Take English study for example. Just as Rome was not built in one day,
it takes one years’ practice to have a good command of the language. If we do not learn from spelling correct words
and writing acceptable sentences, we are never able to write a good composition. And without practicing oral English a lot, we can never speak English fluently. If we don’t read and listen a lot and do a lot of efficient exercises, we can not pass English tests.
In short, we should have a good foundation if we want to make great achievements in our studies and work or in other things as well.
观点:Honesty is the best policy.(诚 实为上) It is true that most of us value honesty highly. Personally I agree that honesty is the best policy. As we know, if one is honest, other people will deeply respect him or her, and are willing to make friends with him or her. In addition, being honest can make people’s life easier and more harmonious(和谐的). There are a lot of examples to support the argument. For example, consumers will not be afraid of being overcharged if dealers are honest. For another example, Singapore is a trustworthy society and has a very low criminal rate. There is no doubt that being honest is of benefit to both the state and the individual. We should have the spirit of honesty. 模板三:先抑后扬，肯定观点 现象:Should the students have the sense of competition?(是否应该培 养学生的竞 争意识) There are two opposite opinions about competition. Some people think little of it, believing it will do harm to the relationship between people. Besides, some people don’t want to try hard to succeed so that they can find an excuse of their failure. From my point of view, we should try to encourage students to have the sense of competition because there exists great competition in our modern world. Having the sense of it will certainly be important for students to develop after they leave school. However, we should guide our students to have a correct sense of it,
getting them to know that they only have opponents but not enemies. We should also teach our
students not to be afraid of failure because everyone may meet it more or less. Instead, try to face to and overcome it.
模板四:先扬后抑，否定观点 现象:Can “lucky numbers” bring good luck?(吉祥数字能带来好运吗,) In the eyes of some people, lucky numbers can bring them good luck. They think so highly of lucky numbers that they even spend a lot of money to buy lucky numbers. Many other people hold different ideas about lucky numbers. They think there are no lucky numbers at all. Numbers and luck are two different things. So far as I’m concerned, I agree with the latter. Obviously, such belief is only a kind of superstition. Perhaps it holds true for some cases, but often it does not. Numbers can never bring good luck to a person at all and our luck is in our own hands. Therefore, everyone can have good luck only if he tries his best. Let’s always remember “Opportunities are only for the prepared mind” and “No pains, no gains”. 模板五:确定主题，分步解说 主题:Reduce waste on campus(减少校园 浪费)
It is certain that the problem of waste is becoming more and more serious on campus and it’s time for us to reduce
it. For one reason, we have already wasted a lot of precious resources such as water and electricity. For another, our waste adds our parents and the society a burden. However, some are
still puzzled how to reduce waste on campus. Here are some suggestions. To begin with, we should turn off the light when we leave dorms or classrooms so as to save electricity as much as possible. Secondly, we should not spend too much money. Thirdly, we should stop wasting water when we bath, or clean faces, or wash clothes or dishes. Actually, there are different solutions according to different situations. Therefore, I firmly believe that we can reduce the waste on campus with our efforts.
模板六:(名谚开篇，烘托观点) 观点:Failure is the mother of success. (失败是成功之母) People often say, “Failure is the mother of success.” There is hardly any success won without failure. A painter may throw many unsuccessful drawings before he finally makes a satisfactory one. A doctor may try many times before he finds the effective treatment for a strange disease. A scientist may make hundreds of experiments before he obtains the data he needs. In other words, the painter, the doctor and the scientist have failed time and again before they succeed in the end. From the above examples, we can conclude that failures are very common. We can get some helpful experiences from them and learn little by little what is the right way to our goal. It seems that failures are the steps in the mountain paths leading up to the peak where success lies.
You have to climb the steps in order to reach the top. We should all take a positive attitude to failures and keep on working hard so as to meet with the final success in our studies and careers. 模板七:实证调研，数据为先 现象:Cell phones in China(手机在中国) As a survey shows, cell phones are becoming more and more popular in China. In 2001, the number of cell phones was 85,260,000; in 2002, the number was 180,000,000; in 2003, 206,600,000; in 2004, 269,000,000; while in 2005, the number went up to 315,000,000. From these numbers, we can see the increasing use of cell phones. There are many reasons for this development. Firstly, cell phones are very convenient to be carried everywhere. Secondly, cell phones can make us get news, play games, listen to music and chat through sending short messages. Thirdly, the drop of price, including the phone price and the communication price, has made it possible for an average person to buy one and make more use of it.